This hip development disturbance is among the most frequent congenital deformities of the skeleton. In Germany, it is diagnosed in two to four percent of all infants. Since the introduction of ultrasound diagnostics, it is possible to determine hip dysplasia immediately after birth in the U2 or U3 examinations.
Parents may notice the disorder when diapering, since the infant’s legs spread to a differing range. In hip dysplasia, the hip joint pan is not correctly formed. The pan top of the joint is too flat and is not able to correctly surround the femoral head of the thigh bone, so that it is not held in place. In the most severe case, so called hip luxation, the femoral head completely slips out of the hip joint pan.
Early treatment of hip dysplasia
When it is recognised early, hip dysplasia can be quickly and completely healed. However the treatment should start as early as possible. Depending on the degree of severity, among other things, the Tübingen hip flexion splint is a likely therapeutic measure. The goal is to keep the legs in the hip joint pan as stably and continuously as possible.
The most favourable hip position is the so called squatting position. This position, which the child also has in the womb before birth, is simulated by the Tübingen hip flexion splint. Without restricting the child more than necessary in its natural kicking motions, the hip can continue to mature under the same favourable conditions as in the womb.